Iran seems to be calmly backing Armenia in the conflict.Renewed clashes between
Azerbaijan and Armenia in occupied Nagorno-Karabakh are presently a geopolitical flashpoint between Russia, which supports Yerevan, and Turkey, which supports Baku.
But what role does Iran, a Shia-Muslim bulk nation like Azerbaijan, which neighbours both nations, have? Experts with a close eye on the conflict think Iran is secretly backing Armenia, a Christian-majority nation.
Iran has in fact officially gotten in touch with both sides to stop clashes, supplying mediation in between the 2 nations.” Generally-speaking, Iran appears to be closer to Armenia in its relations with both countries,” states Bulent Aras, teacher of around the world relations at Istanbul Policy Center-Sabanci University.Aras states many
aspects for Iran’s implicit assistance of Armenia, varying from Iran’s political alliance with Russia, to Tehran’s trade ties with Yerevan. However among other aspects, the changing political nature of Iran’s Azeri Turkish population( how the population with Azerbaijani heritage is described inside Iran) plays an essential function in Tehran’s close connections to Yerevan, says Aras. “Increasing Turkish nationalism [among the Azeri Turks]
. in Iran has in fact been considered as an extreme political problem by Iran. Links and relations in between the country’s north [where a substantial Azeri Turkish population lives] and Azerbaijan have been an important consider Tehran’s political problems with Azerbaijan, “Aras notifies TRT World Azeri males residing in Turkey wave flags of Turkey and Azerbaijan throughout a demonstration following clashes between Azerbaijan and Armenia, in Istanbul, Turkey, July 19, 2020. (Murad Sezer/ Reuters Archive )Iran’s’Turkic concern ‘Some Azeris believe that Iran’s Turkic-origin population, which includes Turkmen, Qashgais and other Turkish-speaking groups, might amount to almost 40 percent
. Lots of Azeris call Iran’s north as southern Azerbaijan, where almost 20 million Azeris live according to various price quotes. Some Azeri nationalists and intellectuals
have long defined both northern and southern parts as culturally and socially similar, arguing that they require to be registered with under a political union.”In Iran, due to the enormous Turkish population, there has traditionally been a political fear that two Azerbaijans, Baku [the capital of northern Azerbaijan] and Tabriz [
the capital of southern Azerbaijan] may join at a long time,”states Esref Yalinkilicli, a Moscow-based Eurasia political expert. “On the other hand, in Azerbaijani political memory and foreign policy, the concept of Greater Azerbaijan has actually constantly been an essential aspect,” Yalinkilicli informs TRT World. For centuries, Iran and Azerbaijan
had actually been ruled by Turkic-origin states, from the Seljuks to the Safavids, and ultimately the Qajars. Throughout the guideline of the Qajars in the 19th century, after losing some essential battles to the Russians, the Shia-Turkish dynasty ceded some vital parts of its territories to the Russians-the Aras, or Araxes River, wound up being the border line in between the 2 states, dividing present areas successfully. While the northern part of Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union as the Azerbaijan Republic after the communist Bolshevik Change of 1917, the southern part remained under the Qajars. They were changed by the Persian-origin Pahlavi
dynasty, the starting household of existing Iran, in the early 20th century. The political argument of Greater Azerbaijan has really long been a threat for the Iranian facility, which has in fact used its support of Armenia as a counter-measure to reduce Azeri aspirations in Iran and throughout the area, states Yalinkilicli.”Iran’s standard Armenia policy has actually long been a balancing act versus both Azerbaijan and Turkey across southern Caucasia. As an outcome, behind-the-scenes, Iran backs Armenia,”Yalinkilicli tells TRT World. While Iran has a Shia majority and Azeris are very Shia, Azeris speak a Turkish dialect, which is very near Turkey’s Turkish, and have really established close connections with Ankara thinking about that the collapse of the communist Soviet Union. Turkey’s Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan(R)speaks as Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev listens throughout a news conference following a finalizing event in Istanbul June 26, 2012. Turkey and Azerbaijan signed an inter-governmental arrangement on Tuesday on the $7 billion Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline job (TANAP), planned to bring Azeri gas throughout Turkey to Europe. (Murad Sezer/ Reuters Archive)
Also, across the country awareness amongst Iran’s Azeris has substantially become more obvious as globalism has really enabled the nation’s Turkic-origin population to link their brethren living in other neighbouring nations including Azerbaijan and Turkey, specifies Yalinkilicli.Iran’s other motivations Nevertheless, aside from increasing Turkish nationalism in Iran, there are similarly other political factors for Tehran’s assistance of Armenia.” Factors like land arguments in between the 2 nations [Iran and Azerbaijan], increasing nationalism amongst Azeri Turks, concerns regarding how to share natural sources of the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan’s close relations with Israel, [which is an archenemy of Iran across the Middle East] and a political desire to stabilize Turkey-Azerbaijan relations periodically trigger some stress and crisis in between Baku and Tehran,”says Aras, the international relations instructor. Aras also highlights that Iran’s low-profile Armenian policy, which is officially a mediating position in between the two nations, might substantially alter requirement to the existing political status quo be modified by the clashes in the occupied Karabakh location, which is contested in between Azerbaijan and Armenia.” We need to bear in mind of what Iran would do if the political status quo changes,”states the instructor.
According to existing reports, Azerbaijan appears to have an edge in the Karabakh region, acquiring some important areas throughout current clashes. “There is a weak possibility that Iran will militarily intervene in the dispute. However if there is a clear development in favour
of Azerbaijan, it could be said that some political groups in Iran would have significant discomfort about that.”Nevertheless there is a little possibility that Iran would expose that discomfort in its main policy,”he concludes.
Source: TRT World.